Monthly Archives: August 2016

Best Treatment Options for Mental Disorders

Symptoms of mental illness range from mild to severe and may vary from person to person. Very often, patients suffering from mental illness fail to understand that they are sick and need treatment. In such a scenario, close friends and relatives should consult a mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist or psychologist on the future course of action. The treatment methods commonly practiced by mental health professionals are discussed below.

Psychological Treatment

This form of treatment is based on the belief that the cause of mental illness lies in the way a person reacts to or perceives things in his or her mind. These treatment methods help patients to change their way of thinking, perception and behavior, thereby, improving their mental functioning. Some common psychological therapies are as follows:

Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT): Here, the patient’s thoughts and behavioral patterns are studied carefully. Then the patient and the therapist sit together to work out some new ways of thinking and behaving that should be followed by the patient. CBT is very effective in treating anxiety disorders and to some extent, psychotic disorders like schizophrenia.

Interpersonal Psychotherapy: Here, the influence of relationships on a person’s thoughts and behavior is closely observed and analyzed. Then the healthcare professional talks it out with the patient and gives some valuable insights and suggestions. This works best for those who have had a past record of difficult relationships. In such cases, it has been noticed that some improvement in those relationships can bring about drastic improvement in the person’s quality of life.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy: This is meant for people with a borderline personality disorder. It helps them to deal with their emotions and responses more efficiently, so as to function better.

Medical Treatment

Medication is mainly required to treat those who are severely affected by mental problems. Different types of medications used are as follows:

Antidepressant Medications: As the name suggests, these are medications used to treat depression. These medicines are also administered to people with phobias, panic disorder, eating disorders, etc. It works well in 60 to 70 percent of the cases.

Antipsychotic Medications: These drugs were first used in the 1950s. Initially, the drugs used to have a lot of side effects, but due to certain modifications, today, they are available with lesser side effects. The best part of these drugs is that, they allow people with mental illness to lead a life with normal people. They do not have to spend years in the confines of psychiatric hospitals.

Mood Stabilizing Medications: This medication is good for patients with manic depression. It prevents the possibility of relapses of depression. Also, it helps to reduce the severity of depression.

Other Treatment Options

These are the options wherein the patient has to be admitted as an inpatient. They are as follows:

Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT): In this method, after administering general anesthesia, an electric current is passed through the person’s brain. ECT is generally used to treat patients with severe depression. Now, this is not used as frequently as it was used in the past. It is used only in cases where, other methods fail to show any results.

Hospitalization: This is done only in extreme cases. When some intensive treatment is needed, the patient is kept under observation in the hospital for a short period. Nowadays, as far as possible, medical practitioners generally recommend the application of treatment in a familiar environment.

Mental illness affects the mental health and physical functioning of the patient. It is like any other ailment and can be treated. However, it is important to get the right treatment at the right time.

Tips to Improve Mental Health

Depression, low self-esteem, and an overall bad mental health are conditions that a majority of people in the world go through. The phases and time span of such conditions may depend on the intensity of causes. Whatever the cause might be, it is better to improve your mental health and stay strong in your mind and thought process. This can be achieved by following some simply ways, which are discussed in the following. Note that good physical health certainly has a positive effect on the emotional well-being of a person.

Eat Healthy Food
As mentioned earlier, if you have good physical health, your mental health will also be impacted in a positive way. So, you should eat healthy food and be on a well-balanced diet, to stay away from diseases and common problems.

Exercise Everyday
Just eating healthy food is not enough. You should also exercise daily on a regular basis, at the gym or maybe at home. Exercises do make you feel fresh to go to work and do your job. They also play a very important role in getting an active lifestyle.

Pray to God and Read His Teachings
This is the most important method of being in a good state of mind. You should pray to God everyday, read His teachings and meditate on what they say. There are many encouraging and motivating lessons to be learned from this.

Take Enough Sleep and Rest
If you want to better your mental health, you also need to have a good rest. A good night’s sleep of 7-8 hours is adequate for getting rid of all the day’s stress. Rest is essential as it helps regain the energy that is lost during your daily activities.

Be in Motivated Company
A positive environment does have a major effect on your mental health. If you are amongst friends or people who have a positive view towards life, you will also look towards life in a better manner. Stay away from people who always underestimate your capabilities or think negatively.

Realize your Strong Points
In order to be encouraged and motivated, a good idea is to note down your strong points and capabilities and thank God. There are many unfortunate people out there who do not have what you do. You should also work on your weaknesses and try to overcome your fears.

Pursue your Hobby
If you are depressed and demotivated, a suitable suggestion would be to start a new hobby or pursue your long lost one. The best thing to do is to learn to play a new musical instrument such as a guitar or keyboard. Photography can also be a good option here as a hobby.

Share and Communicate
Is believed that bad mental health becomes worse if you keep your inner feelings within yourself. Hence, you should always make it a point to share and communicate your feeling with your closest friends and family members. Good communication is truly important to improve your mental health.

These are few of the most effective ways to improve your mental health. There are many other tips such as reading influential books, not being alone, and simply believing in yourself. Keep yourself busy, but not so much that it would totally have you exhausted. Remember that being in a motivated and inspiring surrounding largely impacts the state of how you think and feel. Moreover, praying to God and meditating on the Word is also a significant point if you want to stay healthy and satisfied emotionally. Listening to soothing music also serves the purpose of eliminating all worries and stress.

Ways to Tell Your Boss You Are Pregnant

You could be at the peak of your career and you just figured out that you are expecting. Beyond your happiness and excitement, somewhere lies fear and worry. You would be worried about, how are you going to manage work and pregnancy together. But ladies! All our mothers have done it, and you will do it too. But a greater question now seems to be that, how are you going to tell your boss that you are pregnant. This could seem to be a greater task than actually being pregnant. Just relax! It will all be figured out as you read on.

Usually women prefer to announce the news of their pregnancy after the completion of their trimester. This is because after this the risk of a miscarriage reduces and pregnancy is more viable. However, if you are close to your boss you may tell him/her sooner too.

A Boss is a Boss after all. Therefore before you go to your boss to tell him/her about your pregnancy, make sure you have done some of the following homework.

Talk to Your Doctor
The first step is to talk to your doctor. You can ask your doctor about your condition and accordingly discuss how is your current job going to affect your health. If your work is sedentary you could continue working for a longer period easily. However, if you are in a work profile which requires a lot of running around or exposure to harmful chemicals – for example you are someone like a journalist, photographer, aircraft pilot or a chemical test engineer, you might have to quit working soon. So discuss your work profile with your doctor and take the most appropriate step.

Decide If You Want to Continue Working or No
After your doctor has given you the green signal to work, another question you need to answer yourself is whether you want to continue working or no. You may want to give 100% to your child but working and parenting, together could be strenuous. On the other bay, you could also be a workaholic who cannot do without working and hence you want to give your baby and your work equal importance (which is fair enough). You can also consider switching to a job profile that suits pregnant women. If this is the case, start planning now. If you are still confused about what you want to do, it’s alright! You’ll make a decision, eventually.

Company Policies and Services
Now that you are prepared with a decision of continuing your work, go through your employer’s health plan and parental leave policy. After this, you’ll be able to plan your maternity leaves properly. According to the due date given to you, you can take your maternity leave 11 weeks before your delivery. Also check if your maternity leaves will be paid or unpaid. Many employer’s policies are made to facilitate a comfortable pregnancy for women. They may provide you with ‘work from home’ facility, ‘paid antenatal leaves’ and also ‘flexible work timings’. So before you approach your boss make sure that, you are thorough with the company norms.

Anticipate Your Boss’s Reaction
Your boss could have a major say in the management. So, first try anticipating how he/she would react. Your boss can react positively or negatively, depending on the company and your job profile. Also, if you are in good terms with your boss then he/she might be more considerate about your pregnancy and prove to be a support. It’s a fact, that if your boss is a lady, she will be more understanding than a male boss. But inform her about your pregnancy before she finds out from your bump.

Also be the first one to tell your boss, as it will be a bad thing if your boss hears about your pregnancy from the company grapevine. So, when you are ready to make the announcement, make sure your boss already knows about it.

Keep Up With Your Work
It’s common to face morning sickness and discomfort during pregnancy, but if you want to continue working after your delivery, make sure that your pregnancy is not affecting your work and you are fulfilling your employer’s expectations at work front. This will keep your boss confident that you will pull off your pregnancy without hampering your work and your appraisals.

Be Prepared with What You Want to Say
You don’t have to go with a mugged-up speech but just be clear about things you want to put forth. This will make you more confident, will help you get a positive response and you’ll be able to answer their queries, as you would have already researched about it.

With the above mentioned steps you can tell your boss that you are pregnant very confidently, happily and responsibly.

Tips to Liquid Diet for Weight Loss

There’s always that extra pound you want to shed, that extra inch you want to rid of, that extra flab that torments you. And you look and you look for that perfect plan that will help you lose it all, but you never find it. Why? Because there is no such thing as a perfect plan.

There are, however, plans that will help you lose that weight in the proper manner. Not like a miracle, but employing the right techniques that will aid in weight loss without harming your body. What are these plans? These are some of the best liquid diet plans for weight loss that you should really look into if you’re serious about losing that excess weight.

Factors to Consider

A liquid diet suggests that you’re getting most, or all of your calories from a liquid source instead of a solid source. There are varied kinds of liquid diets―some liquid diets which can be carried out by oneself while others require some form of professional or medical supervision. These work in varied ways, some drinks are used as a replacement for all 3 meals of a day, whereas others are consumed as a replacement for 1 – 2 meals followed by a well-balanced dinner.

Solid food will lead to the intake of calories. A liquid diet, on the other hand, will automatically reduce the intake of calories, thereby leading to weight loss. When you consume liquids, the body is forced to draw nutrients from the fat reserves of the body to fulfill its requirements. The end result being―weight loss. However, the results of a liquid diet are not permanent. The weight loss is brought about because you’re providing the body with fewer calories. When you give up on the diet, the weight is likely to come back.

Other than gaining the weight back, a liquid diet that is carried out for long durations will pose other health risks as well. Providing your body with limited calories will lead to the slowing of your metabolism. Because a liquid diet may not necessarily provide the required nutrients, it could bring about a plethora of problems like dizziness, hair loss, dull skin, fatigue, irritability, gallstones, and heart damage. Other than that, you could also end up getting constipated because you have not provided your body with enough fiber.

Moreover, if this diet is carried over for longer durations, the body begins to draw nutrients from the muscle mass, thus, instead of losing fat, you end up losing muscle. It is therefore recommended that one have a proper exercise plan in mind so that muscle gain takes place simultaneously.

Liquid diets should only be used for a short term, after which a proper planned diet needs to be put into place. Ideally, one should go on this kind of diet only after consultation with a doctor or nutritionist.

Varied Liquid Diets

Water
Study any weight loss program and you’ll find that water just has to be a part of it. This is the most important ingredient in a liquid diet weight loss program. Water helps to completely flush out all the chemicals and toxins of the body. It helps in improving blood circulation, helps in better digestion of the food, and in the natural course of things, helps with weight loss. This ingredient has to be followed no matter what other forms of diets you’re following. However, only consuming water as a weight loss diet regime is not recommended as it does not provide any nutrients. It may be used in a detox diet, or as a part of other diets, but never for a longer period of time.

Juices
Juices of any fresh fruit or vegetable make for some of the best liquid diets. Studies have proven that the best juice for weight loss is a combination of carrot and beetroot juice. Other than that, any other fresh vegetable juice will also provide all the essential nutrients that are required by the body. For best results, have juices that are raw and organic and not suffused with added salts and sugars. It has to be kept in mind though that fruit juices are not as beneficial as having the actual fruit because fruits when had whole and raw provide better nutrition for the body.

Meal Replacement Products
Meal replacement products are becoming very popular these days. These products come in a powdered form, have a measured quantity of calories, and are packed with all other forms of essential nutrients that a human needs. These powders are to be mixed in liquid and had in place of a meal. These will make you feel as full as one would feel after having a meal. They provide for all the essential nutrients and stop you from overeating as well.

Lemon Juice Diet
This one involves using lemon juice mixed with warm water for consumption. This formula has been used for many years in several weight loss programs. But should you use it solely? Not at all. While lemon juice helps to cleanse and detoxify the body, and thereby, helps in weight loss, it does not provide any nutrients to the body. Besides, if had in a concentrated form, lemon juice can corrode the entire stomach and intestinal lining and cause harm. Consume this in moderation and only as a part of the diet.

It is strongly recommended that one consult a nutritionist or a doctor before starting out on a diet. Our bodies are not meant for an ‘only liquid diet’ and there is the tendency to put all that shed weight right back on after you discontinue these liquid diets. The better way to go about this is to include it as a part of a detox program that you carry forth once or twice a month. This, not only keeps you healthy but helps you to lose weight fast as well.